Cancer is, arguably, the most dreaded disease in the world. Its prevalence and the range of severity of its symptoms make it one of the most severe health threats that people face today. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths yearly.
The cost of cancer is extremely high in terms of health and financial impact. As such, it’s essential to be aware of the most common types of cancer and their symptoms. This knowledge can help you catch any warning signs early and seek treatment as soon as possible. This article will share the most common types of cancer and their symptoms.
1. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is one of the most common health issues facing women but it can also affect men. Breast cancer typically appears as a lump in the breast tissue that may or may not be painful. Other symptoms include:
- Nipple discharge.
- Changes in the size or shape of the breast.
- Swelling of the armpit area.
It is the most common form of cancer among women and is the second leading cause of death among them. Some of the most common symptoms of breast cancer include breast pain, changes in the appearance of the breast, nipple discharge, and skin alterations.
It can be challenging to detect breast cancer during its early stages, so it’s essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms. It is advisable to visit your doctor even if you experience any of these symptoms, as early detection can significantly improve the chance of survival.
2. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer among both men and women in most developed countries. It is typically caused by smoking or long-term exposure to environmental toxins such as asbestos and air pollution.
The most common symptoms of lung cancer include a persistent cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, and coughing up blood. Other signs can include fatigue and weight loss. It is crucial to get the necessary tests done if you experience any of these symptoms, as they may indicate a more serious underlying condition.
Lung cancer is also one of the most misdiagnosed cancers, so it’s essential to get checked out if you have any of the above symptoms. Contact a misdiagnosis lawyer to understand your legal rights if you have been misdiagnosed. They can help you to get the compensation you deserve.
3. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is common in men over 50 and is typically caused by lifestyle and genetic factors. If you have prostate cancer, you may experience symptoms such as difficulty urinating, weak or interrupted urine flow, pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs, and erectile dysfunction.
If you develop any of these symptoms, your doctor will likely perform blood tests and a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. Early detection is key to increasing your chances of successful treatment, so it’s important to consult your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
If you return a positive diagnosis, the treatment will depend on the severity of your condition but may involve surgery, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy. In the late stages, chemotherapy may be recommended to slow cancer progression.
4. Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. It typically affects people aged 50 and above but can also occur in younger individuals. Usually, cancer begins in the cells that line the colon and rectum, slowly spreading to other parts of the body.
It may cause symptoms such as rectal bleeding, persistent abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, and unexplained weight loss. It is vital to get regular screenings if you have any of these symptoms, as the earlier it is detected, the better your chances of successful treatment.
The treatment options for colorectal cancer vary depending on the stage of the disease. Stage one is typically treated with surgery and possibly chemotherapy and radiation therapy, while stage two may require a combination of all three treatments. Advanced stages can be treated with advanced chemotherapy drugs or immunotherapy.
5. Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is the most common type in the United States, affecting close to 5.4 million people every year. It is typically caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun, tanning beds, or other sources. There are different types of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma, for example, is the most common type of skin cancer and usually appears as a scaly or raised skin patch.
Melanoma is another form of skin cancer, which typically presents itself as an irregularly shaped mole with multiple colors. It affects the deeper layers of the skin and is often more aggressive than other types.
The symptoms may vary depending on the type, but you should watch out for any changes in your skin, such as new moles or lesions, changes in existing moles, or sores that won’t heal and tend to bleed easily.
It’s important to get checked if you have any of these symptoms, as early detection is key to successful treatment. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.You can also use CBD to enhance the effects of cancer treatments and reduce pain.
6 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and glands that carry a fluid called lymph throughout the body. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects these lymphatic vessels, usually due to abnormal growth in the number or size of specific white blood cells. It is typically found in individuals between the ages of 60 and 70.
People suffering from this type of cancer may experience swollen lymph nodes, fever, weight loss, and night sweats. As it advances, it can cause organ damage and pain. Diagnosis is usually made via a physical exam or blood tests.
Treatment involves an individualized approach, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a stem cell transplant. Although it can be challenging to treat, early detection can be vital in increasing your chances of successful treatment.
In summary, it is crucial to be aware of the different types of cancer and their symptoms, as early detection can greatly increase your chances of successful treatment. Make sure you consult your doctor if you experience any changes in your body that could indicate the presence of cancer.
Regular screenings, tests and check-ups make it possible to detect the disease at an early stage and increase your chances of a full recovery. It is also essential to take preventative measures such as eating healthily, limiting exposure to harmful UV rays, and not smoking, as doing so can help reduce the risk of developing cancer.